From antibiotics to blood transfusions, from dialysis to organ transplantation, from vaccinations to chemotherapy, bypass surgery and joint replacement, practically every present-day protocol for the prevention, treatment, cure and control of disease, pain and suffering is based on knowledge attained through research with lab animals.' Without such testing, most, if not all of these procedures that save thousands of lives and elevate the pain of millions of people would simply not be possible. By the 1950s various hospitals registered outbreaks of epidemics that no antibiotic was able to cure. When the medical authorities argued that the use of antibiotics was justified in spite of the recognised damage, John Lear, former science editor of the Saturday Review wrote in a "miracle drugs" article about a study made by Charles Henry Kempe, University of Chicago medical researcher, as follows: "The record shows that prophylactic antibiotics do more harm than good.Just a few of the many named examples of the advances made possible through animal testing include [source: Foundation of Biomedical Research]: Smallpox eradication (testing with cows) Polio eradication in the developed world (mouse & monkey) Availability of insulin (fish & dog) Tetanus vaccines (horse) Rubella vaccines (monkey) AIDS treatment (monkey) Animal experiments have good medical progress due to the conflicting results, caused by species-variation, they provide. Dr Kempe’s study cited in this connection the result of a 250 ‘clean’ operation.Here are some examples: BLOOD TRANSFUSION: BLOOD GROUPS AND TYPING "According to the Report of the Royal Commission on Vivisection (1912): The first human blood-transfusion was made by Andre Libavius in 1594 when, for a large reward, the blood of a young man was passed into the veins of an older man. "The French physician, Jean Denis, transfused lambs' blood into numerous patients who all died. Schmidt, Medical Discoveries Who and When, Charles C. Of the 154 not subjected to prophylactic antibiotics only 7.8% developed bacterial aftermath.Modern technique depends upon a careful matching of blood-types, and no animal experiments have, or could have helped in this essential particular." (Hans Ruesch, One Thousand Doctors (and many more) Against Vivisection, page 131.) The following information is taken from Cardiac Arrest by Emil Levin, M. Not recognizing the basic differences between animals and humans, Denis did not realize why his technique failed. Mc Grew, Encyclopedia of Medical History, Mac Millan Press, 1985. Gastiglioni, A History of Medicine, (1947 edition translated by E. Krumbhaer) Ryerson Press, 1941.) The identification of the various blood groups by Karl Landsteiner, an Australian emigrant who was awarded a Nobel Prize for his achievement, which permitted safe blood transfusions, was a result of direct observation of humans. The remaining 96 patients all received prophylactic antibiotics, of which 37.5% were subjected to bacterial complications." " Smallpox "Although the notion of inoculation against smallpox had been around for over 1000 years, it was Edward Jenner who revived the idea in the late 18th century.He became famous nationwide when he eradicated an epidemic of smallpox in Gloucester by ruling out all vaccination and introducing strict measures of hygiene and isolation of the infected.In 1910 he accepted the Presidency of the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, a position he retained until his death." Polio years earlier, in 1973, Prof.
These cells are useful in research into heart disease and in the preservation of heart (myocardial) tissue for cardiac surgery, with the advantage that results are directly applicable to patients because as the researchers stated: "... Later trials with guinea-pigs proved fatal, even with tiny amounts. More recently Dr Robert Sharpe, basing his article on Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics by T. Being out of stock of the usual guinea-pigs on the day of the trials they used mice which it cured and penicillin was acclaimed.Leicester and Dewsbury rejected the serum and relied on effective measures, hygiene and sanitation.Consequently these towns had the lowest death rate in the country. Hadwen, a vegetarian doctor became First Prizeman in Physiology, Operative Surgery, Pathology, Forensic Medicine and in 1891 won the Clark Scholarship for "distinguished medical student of the year".